Having a place to chill outside of your home that is still on your property is important. There are many different structures that can give this to you. Two of those structures are the porch and the patio.
Both of these are very useful, but the problem is that people often get them confused. This causes more confusion when mentioned to contractors or when you use the terms to try to find a good contractor.
What Is A Patio?Image from CC Patio
A patio is an outdoor area used for eating, relaxing, and recreation. It is paved, usually with concrete, pavers, or gravel. Though it can be paved with anything from bricks to tile. Rare patios are made of glass or acrylic.
There are many uses for a patio but more often than not, the patio is used to have a place to relax outside. There is almost always furniture on the patio which is why outdoor furniture is often called patio furniture.
What Is A Porch?Image from Bay Street Bungalows
A porch is an outdoor extension of a home. It is always attached to the home and is usually made out of wood. Although the term is often used as a vaguer term than it should be, porches actually have roofs.
They don’t usually have walls unless the walls are screens. In this case, the porch is a screened-in porch or a sunroom. Porch is a broad term but it must be attached to the home and must not have solid walls.
Porch Vs Patio
These two terms, porch and patio, are often confused for one another. A porch is usually at the front entrance of a home, but it can be located at the back entrance. It is also always attached to the home.
A patio can be attached to the home but it can also be detached. A porch must be attached. Patios are paved and made with gravel or concrete or something similar. But a porch is almost always made of wood.
As far as roofing goes, porches always have some sort of roof while patios may or may not. A lot of people like to leave it open so that they can let more sun and fresh air in while then dine or sunbathe.
Porch Vs DeckImage from B. Jane Gardens
Here are two more structures that are often used synonymously. However, they are not exactly the same. The one main difference is that a porch has a roof and a deck does not. That’s pretty much all you need to know.
With this comes a few differences. Such as the fact that the porch has posts to hold the roof up but a deck doesn’t need posts and so there aren’t any. Many people use decks over their pools or in an area that gets a lot of sunshine.
Types Of Porches
There are many different types of structures that you can build outside, but there are also many different types of a specific structure. There are many different types of porches that you can build, so let’s check them out.
A screened-in porch is just like a regular porch but it is surrounded by screens. It doesn’t necessarily have walls but screens instead that can be left open to let a lot of fresh air in. The room usually isn’t insulated.
Screened-in porches are very fun and similar to sunrooms. They most often use outdoor furniture so that you can keep the screens open without worrying about the furniture getting weathered or worn.
An Arizona room is a room that is often considered a porch despite only being semi-outdoors. It gets its name from the fact that it is most commonly found in Arizona though it is very similar to the Florida room.
It is a version of a screened-in porch but is usually set up more like an indoor room and can have either indoor or outdoor furniture in it. The windows are usually made of glass whereas a screened-in porch usually just has screens.
A sleeping porch is exactly what it sounds like. It is a porch designed for sleeping on. It can be used in private homes or as an amenity in other places. The porch can have air, fans, or no HVAC units at all.
The sleeping porches were first invented before fans even existed. It was a way to keep cool of a night by sleeping in a semi-closed-in area where the night air could keep you cool. Today, they are a luxury.
Farmer’s PorchImage from Farmer Payne Architects – Louisiana
A farmer’s porch is a style of porch that is found in traditional old New England homes. They have pillars on the front, railing along the porch, and a traditional step-up in the center. This is the standard American porch.
This is the most common type of porch for different types of colonial homes. Today, it is often seen on farmhouses and ranch houses but it can be seen on just about any style of home, rarest on modern homes.
A rain porch is also known as a Carolina porch. This type of porch is native to the Southeastern United States. What makes it a rain porch is the roof that extends far beyond the edge of the porch end.
The rain porch uses freestanding supports that rise from ground level instead of from the porch itself. This gives shade while protecting the porch from rain, hence the name which suggests it does just that.
This is where it all began. The word portico is where the word porch came from. Porticos are entrances supported by pillars that accentuate the entrance of a home. They are built around the front door of the home.
Porticos are very old and can be found in ancient Greek and Roman homes. They are often found in neoclassical architecture and other architectural designs founded in Ancient Greek and Rome, making it the oldest “porch” still used today.
A bungalow is a low house with a large front porch that doesn’t have an upper floor in a traditional sense. Instead, if there is an upper floor, it is set into the roof. But a bungalow porch is a specific type of porch.
In a bungalow porch, there is a small story inside the house that is inside of the porch’s roof. So you can get inside of the porch’s roof from the inside, in a way. This area is usually reserved for storage or a small loft.
A loggia isn’t always considered a porch, but rather a covered exterior gallery or corridor. The loggia is native to Italy and has been around since at least the Middle Ages. You can find them today in Italy.
The difference between a loggia and a portico is that a portico allows entrance to the inside from the exterior but a loggia can only be accessed from the inside. This is similar to a balcony, which is found in hotels and apartments.
A wraparound porch goes all the way around a home. This is common in farmhouses. The wraparound porch doesn’t have to go all the way around the home but must cover at least two sides of the home.
Some cover three while others cover all four. A wraparound porch should be at least six feet deep in order for you to make the most out of it, but a few extra feet is even better. This is the most expensive type of porch.
A veranda is very similar to a patio. Because a veranda is a roofed porch that is attached to the outside of a building. It can have railing or not and it can be made out of almost any material you can build a patio with.
This is one of the few terms used in almost every country. Verandas are found and understood in most English-speaking countries and many that don’t speak English. It is a common and universal term.
A lanai is an open-sided porch originating in Hawaii. The term isn’t used in many other areas, but it is a common term for porches in Hawaii. It is often used to describe any type of porch or patio in Hawaii.
Sun PorchImage from James Phillip Golden Architect
A sunroom or sun porch goes by many names. It can be called a four-seasons room or a solarium. It was created to allow daylight inside the room and give a great view of the landscape from as many angles as possible.
The sun porch is just protected enough by the windows around it that it doesn’t get too hot. It can make a great sleeping porch if there is protection against the weather and from pests that try to make their way inside.
A stoop is not something as common in rural areas as it is in the city. But a stoop is a small staircase at the entrance of a building. It is often seen in apartments and is free for residents of the building to use.
Unlike most porches, a stoop isn’t covered and it isn’t usually made of wood. Instead, it is small and doesn’t have a deck. There will be a small platform followed by steps. This is the smallest type of porch.